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How to combat gum disease

Almost half of the UK adult population suffers from some form of gum disease as reported by Public Health England in 2019. Gum disease, clinically known as periodontal disease, is a common but pressing concern. Spanning from the mild inflammation of gingivitis to the severe infection of periodontitis that may lead to tooth loss, gum disease is a spectrum that needs attention.

At Wimpole Street Dental Clinic, we have gathered a team of skilled professionals who are committed to helping patients navigate this significant oral health concern.

Part 1: Who is most susceptible to gum disease?

Statistical evidence from various studies, including publications from the British Dental Journal, suggests that several factors contribute to an increased risk of developing gum disease. Age is a significant factor, with those above 65 years witnessing a higher prevalence. Lifestyle choices, particularly tobacco use and a poor diet, heighten the risk.

Additionally, systemic health conditions, especially diabetes, and genetics also play a critical role. By recognising these risk factors, patients can better understand their oral health status and implement more personalised, effective preventive measures.

Part 2: The pathogenesis of gum disease

Gum disease primarily stems from plaque accumulation. This bacterial biofilm, when not removed efficiently through regular oral hygiene, hardens into tartar. This tartar forms a stronghold for bacterial growth and serves as a catalyst for gum inflammation.

Clinically, this manifests as symptoms ranging from swollen or bleeding gums, persistent halitosis, and in more severe cases, tooth mobility or sensitivity. This pathogenesis underscores the importance of preventive strategies to disrupt the plaque-to-tartar transformation.

Part 3: Preventing gum disease: best practices

Prevention is the cornerstone of managing gum disease. A consistent oral hygiene regimen, including twice-daily tooth brushing with fluoride toothpaste and daily interdental cleaning, such as flossing, is fundamental.

Complementing this with regular dental check-ups allows for early detection and intervention. Furthermore, embracing a balanced diet and refraining from tobacco usage contributes significantly to overall gum health.

Part 4: Navigating treatment options for gum disease

The management of gum disease involves an array of treatment modalities, varying based on the disease’s severity. Non-invasive methods that control bacterial growth, such as professional cleaning, scaling, and root planning, are often the first line of defence.

In advanced cases, surgical procedures aiming to restore periodontal tissues may be necessary. Here at Wimpole Street Dental Clinic, we employ state-of-the-art techniques and create individualised treatment plans to ensure effective and personalised care for each patient.

Part 5: The role of regular dental check-ups in managing gum disease

Emphasising the importance of regular dental check-ups, guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) suggest dental visits at least once every year for adults. Regular check-ups facilitate early disease detection and timely intervention, mitigating the progression of gum disease and reducing the risk of severe complications.

Part 6: Innovating gum disease treatment at Wimpole Street Dental Clinic

At Wimpole Street Dental Clinic, we constantly stay abreast of the latest advancements in dental technology and uphold the highest standards of practice in dentistry.

Our team comprises experienced professionals dedicated to providing comprehensive, patient-centred care. Our approach involves tailoring preventive strategies and treatments based on individual needs and preferences to manage gum disease effectively.


Gum disease, while common, is a preventable and manageable condition. Understanding its aetiology, identifying personal risk factors, recognising symptoms, and being aware of preventive strategies and treatment options are pivotal to maintaining optimal oral health.


Created: 31/7/2023

Clinically reviewed by: Prof Dr Christian Mehl

Written by: Dr Raul Costa

Dr Raul Costa

About the author:

Dr Raul Costa is a restorative dentist with a unique set of skills for dental aesthetics and a drive for ultra-conservative techniques. He qualified from the Lisbon Dental School in 2005 and has been practicing in London since 2008. He works with world-renowned ceramists in order to deliver natural-looking, life-like, crowns and veneers. He is also particularly talented and experienced with composite bondings and implant-supported restorations.