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What is Hypodontia?

Hypodontia is a congenital dental condition characterized by the absence of one or more teeth in the oral cavity below the normal number. Hypodontia can affect different teeth, but is much more frequent on the upper lateral incisors and second premolars.

Causes of Hypodontia:

The exact cause of hypodontia is not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to its development, including:

  • Genetic Factors: Hypodontia can be inherited and can run in families. Certain genetic conditions, such as Gardner syndrome or cleidocranial dysplasia, are associated with a higher risk of developing hypodontia.
  • Environmental Factors: External factors, such as trauma to the mouth or jaw during dental development, can sometimes result in hypodontia.

Speak to a dental professional today

Our dentists have all the experience, skill and technology required to advice on hypodontia. Arrange an appointment with our dental team at our central London dental clinic, situated on the prestigious Wimpole Street.

Symptoms of Hypodontia:

Hypodontia may present with the following symptoms:

  • Absence of certain teeth
  • Dental Misalignment: The absence of one or more teeth can disrupt the natural alignment of the teeth, creating diastemas and affecting the bite.
  • Aesthetic Concerns: Hypodontia can affect the appearance of the smile, causing self-consciousness and affecting an individual’s confidence and social interactions.

Treatment Options for Hypodontia:

The treatment for hypodontia depends on the specific case and the impact of the supernumerary teeth on oral health. Treatment options may include:

  • Orthodontic Treatment: braces or clear aligners, may be recommended to close the space belonging to the missing tooth or further open it to allow its replacement, with a resin-bonded bridge or a dental implant
  • Monitoring and Observation: this condition does not cause any issue apart from aesthetics, so the person who suffers from it does not have to take any action necessarily.

It’s important to consult with a qualified dentist or orthodontist who can evaluate the specific case of hypodontia and recommend the most appropriate treatment plan based on individual needs.

In conclusion, hypodontia is a dental condition characterized by the absence of one or more teeth. Genetic and environmental factors can contribute to its development. Hypodontia can lead to aesthetic concerns. Treatment options include orthodontic treatment, prosthetic replacement of the missing tooth or simply monitoring. Seeking professional dental advice is crucial for correct diagnosis and appropriate management of hypodontia.

Prof Christian Mehl

Written by: Prof Dr Christian Mehl

A certified implantologist and prosthodontics specialist with 20+ years in dentistry, I conduct clinical research, teach at University of Kiel, and contribute to implant system development. Recipient of the Camlog Research Award, I frequently publish and deliver global lectures.

Clinically reviewed by: Dr Raul Costa

When did we last update this page?

Our expert team continually update and research the latest news and techniques in dentistry, as such we regularly update our pages and have these clinically reviewed.

Current Version

July 21st 2023

  • Added “when did we last update this page” and author biography to the page.

Written by: Prof Dr Christian Mehl

Medically reviewed by: Dr Raul Costa

Previous Versions

October 2nd 2022

  • Page redesigned and updated to reflect change in address.

Written by: Prof Dr Christian Mehl

Medically reviewed by: Dr Raul Costa

30th August 2021

  • Original content created.

Written by: Prof Dr Christian Mehl

Medically reviewed by: Dr Raul Costa

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