Prof Dr Christian Mehl

Specialist prosthodontist certified by the German Society of Prosthodontics (DGPro) and the General Dental Council (GDC). 

Specialist in Prosthodontics & Dental Implant Surgeon

PARTNER at Wimpole Street Dental Clinic.

Implantology certified by the German Society of Implantologie (DGI), bone augmentation surgery, oral surgery, complete rehabilitations (full mouth reconstructions), aesthetic dentistry, reconstructive periodontal surgery, Invisalign®, root canal treatment.


GDC Number


I am a qualified prosthetics (dental restorations) specialist with the German Society of Prosthodontics and the General Dental Council and a certified implantologist with the German Society of Implantology. I have been working in dentistry for over 20 years and still find the developments exciting, both, as a scientist and clinician. In addition, I have the privilege to be able to pass on my knowledge and experience to the next generation as a professor at the University of Kiel. I am also actively involved in the clinical research and development of dental implant systems. My work has already received the Camlog Research Award. Since the exchange of knowledge is an important part of research and further development, I regularly publish in national and international specialist magazines and give lectures at home and abroad by invitation. If you are interested, you can find treatment examples from my everyday practice here.

Languages: English, German, basic Russian and Chinese

Recent patient stories

No post found!

Professional Experience

  • 1998-2003: Studied at Christian-Albrechts-Univeristy at Kiel, Germany (graduated with distinction – best exam in Germany in 2003)
  • 2004: Dentist in dental practice in Kiel, Germany
  • 2004 – 2007: Assistant professor at the Department of Prosthodontics, Propaedeutics and Dental Materials at Christian-Albrechts-Univeristy at Kiel, Germany
  • 2007 – 2010: Dentist at the Swiss Smile Dental Clinics, Mayfair, London, England
  • 2009 – 2010: Clinic Manager at Swiss Smile Dental Clinics London, Head of Finance, Swiss Smile UK Ltd
  • 2011 – 2022: Harder & Mehl Dental Clinic Munich
  • 2013 – 2022: Harder & Mehl Dental Laboratories
  • 2019 – now: Wimpole Street Dental Clinic

Continuous professional development

  • 2007: Prosthetics Specialist at the German Association for Prosthetic Dentistry and Biological Materials (DGPro, formerly DGZPW)
  • 2007: Prosthetics Specialist registered at the General Dental Council (GDC)
  • 2007: Implantology Specialist of the German Association for Implantology (DGI)
  • Since 2006 around 120 national and international lectures

Scientific research

  • Since 2009 Scientific co-operation with University of Zhejiang, Hangzhou, China since 2010 External researcher at the Christian-Albrechts-Univeristy at Kiel, Germany
  • Since 2006 Speaker at national and international conferences
  • Specialist author in the areas of prosthetic dentistry, implantology, adhesive dentistry and digital dentistry
  • Appointed reviewer for the journals Dental Materials, Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, Implantologie (published in German), Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Acta Odontologica, International Journal of Dental Research, International Journal of Aesthetic Dentistry, Journal of Cranio-Facial Surgery, Journal of Prosthodontics and Journal of Prosthetic Research
  • 2013: Awarded a PhD and Venia Legendi, university lecturer status granted
  • 2019: Received the extraordinary professorship at the Christian-Albrechts-Univeristy at Kiel, Germany
  • As of 2020 69 national and international peer-reviewed publications


  • International Association of Dental Research (IADR)
  • Royal Society of Medicine (RSM)
  • General Dental Council (GDC)
  • German Association for Prosthetic Dentistry and Biological Materials (DGPro)
  • German Association for Implantology (DGI)
  • Academy for Practice and Science (APW)
  • German Association for Dental, Oral, and Maxillo-Facial Surgery (DGZMK)
  • Dental-Online-College (DOC)

Publications Prof. Mehl (Status 05/2023)

  • S. Harder, F. Hagemoser, C. Mehl, Lead or be lead – guided Implantology in the 21st century DENTALE IMPLANTOLOGIE, 24, Volume 07, November 2020 (Article is in German)
  • C. Mehl, Man vs. Machine – guided and non-guided approach in implantology, The Camlog Implant Hub, 2021
  • S. Harder, M. Mertens, I. Dietrich, C. Mehl, Chirurgisch-prothetische Sofortversorgung des unbezahnten Kiefers mit vier Implantaten (Article in German), Implantologie 28(1) (2020) 7-22.
  • M. Becker, F. Schmied, S. Freitag-Wolf, H. Naujokat, L. Kadem, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Harder. S., Single-cell adhesion of human osteoblasts on plasma-conditioned titanium implant surfaces in vitro, J Mechan Behav Biomed Mat in press. (2020).
  • C. Mehl, Hohe Patientenzufriedenheit bei minimalen Risiken: All on 4™ hat sich in der Praxis bewährt (Article in German), Dental Barometer 1 (2019) 26-29.
  • S. Harder, E.S. Quabius, F. Meinke, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Changes in proinflammatory gene expression in human whole blood after contact with UV-conditioned implant surfaces, Clin Oral Investig  (2019).
  • T. Englbrecht, C. Mehl, J. Basel, S. Harder, Endodontologische, prothetische und chirurgische Behandlungsabläufe nach Frontzahntrauma Falldarstellungen mit und ohne Zahnerhalt (Article in German), Implantologie 27 (2019) 1-10.
  • C. Mehl, Q. Zhang, F. Lehmann, M. Kern, Retention of zirconia on titanium in two-piece abutments with self-adhesive resin cements, J Prosthet Dent (2018).
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, F. Neumann, T. Bähr, J. Wiltfang, V. Gassling, Effect of ultraviolet photofuctionalization of dental titanium implants on osseointegration, J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 19 (2018) 525-534.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, T. Englbrecht, M. Mertens, Sofortimplantation beherdeter Zähne – Wahnsinn oder Fortschritt? (Article in German), Implantologie 6 (2018) 388-397.
  • S. Harder, C. Egert, S. Freitag-Wolf, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Intraosseous Temperature Changes During Implant Site Preparation: In Vitro Comparison of Thermocouples and Infrared Thermography, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 33(1) (2018) 72-78.
  • T. Englbrecht, S. Harder, C. Mehl, Sofortimplantation und -versorgung im Frontzahngebiet (Article in German), Der freie Zahnarzt September (2018) 92-103.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, A. Zimmermann, S. Harder, S. Huth, C. Selhuber-Unkel, Impact of Cleaning Procedures on Adhesion of Living Cells to Three Abutment Materials, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32(5) (2017) 976-984.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, T. Bösch, Implantologie and Prothetik am Scheideweg – klassische vs. moderne Behandlungskonzepte (Article in German), Dent Implantol  (2017).
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, Über den Umgang mit Angstpatienten (Article in German), Quintessence Team Journal 47 (2017) 1-2.
  • C. Mehl, T. Englbrecht, Risikoabwägung bei der Sofort- und Spätimplantation im Frontzahnbereich (Article in German), Digital Dentistry 4 (2017) 14-19.
  • J. Lin, J. Shao, L. Juan, W. Yu, X. Song, P. Liu, W. Weng, J. Xu, C. Mehl, Enhancing bone regeneration by combining mesenchymal stem cell sheets with beta-TCP/COL-I scaffolds, J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater  (2017).
  • J. Li, J. Lin, W. Yu, X. Song, Q. Hu, J.H. Xu, H. Wang, C. Mehl, BMP-2 plasmid DNA-loaded chitosan films – A new strategy for bone engineering, J Craniomaxillofac Surg 45(12) (2017) 2084-2091.
  • T. Bösch, S. Harder, C. Mehl, Gesunde Zähne, gesunder Körper – Warum Prophylaxe für die Allgemeingesundheit so wichtig ist (Article in German), ZWP Online  (2017)
  • C.J. Mehl, N. Okano, K. Ludwig, M. Kern, Retention of bonded titanium copings fixed to implant abutments, J Prosthet Dent 115(1) (2016) 26-34.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, A.M. Schutte, L.F. Kadem, C. Selhuber-Unkel, Adhesion of living cells to abutment materials, dentin, and adhesive luting cement with different surface qualities, Dent Mater 32(12) (2016) 1524-1535.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, N. Meinke, Y. Açil, T. Bähr, J. Wiltfang, V. Gaßling, Can one-wall bone defects be augmented with xenogenic bone grafting material alone?, J Cran Maxillofac Surg in press (2016).
  • C. Mehl, V. Gaßling, S. Schultz-Langerhans, Y. Açil, T. Bähr, J. Wiltfang, M. Kern, Influence of four different abutment materials and the adhesive joint of two-piece abutments on the cervical implant bone and soft tissue, J Oral Maxillofac Surg in press (2016).
  • C. Mehl, T. Bösch, Implantology and Prothodontics at Crossroads – Classic vs. Modern Treatment Concepts, JSM Dent Surg 1 (2016) 2-7.
  • C. Mehl, S. Ali, S. El Bahra, S. Harder, O. Vollrath, M. Kern, Is There a Correlation Between Tensile Strength and Retrievability of Cemented Implant-Retained Crowns Using Artificial Aging, Int J Prosthodont 29(1) (2016) 83-90.
  • H.P. Lin, J. Lin, J. Li, J.H. Xu, C. Mehl, In vitro remineralization of hybrid layers using biomimetic analogs, J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 17(11) (2016) 864-873.
  • T. Bösch, C. Mehl, S. Harder, Interaktionen zwischen systemischen Erkrankungen und der Mundgesundheit (Parodontitis) (Article in German), Der Allgemeinarzt 38(5) (2016) 52.
  • T. Bösch, S. Harder, C. Mehl, Höhere Lebensqualität durch festen Zahnersatz – Ein Fallbericht (Article in German), 8 (2016).
  • T. Bösch, S. Harder, A. Mehl, Gesunde Zähne, gesunder Körper – Warum Prophylaxe für die Allgemeingesundheit so wichtig ist (Article in German), Cosmetic Dent (2016).
  • C.J. Mehl, M. Steiner, K. Ludwig, M. Kern, Wear, microleakage and plastic deformation of an implant-supported chair-side bar system, The journal of advanced prosthodontics 7(4) (2015) 323-8.
  • C.J. Mehl, S. Harder, S. Wolfart, O. Vollrath, A. Trinkler, H.J. Wenz, M. Kern, Influence of dental education on esthetic perception, The international journal of esthetic dentistry 10(3) (2015) 486-99.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, Behandler und Patienten empfinden vieles anders (Article in German), Zahnärztliche Mitteilungen 105(23) (2015) 42-44.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, Retention von festsitzenden Restaurationen auf Implantaten – welcher Zement für welche Indikation? (Article in German), Implantologie 23(2) (2015) 175-185.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, J. Lin, O. Vollrath, M. Kern, Perception of dental esthetics: influence of restoration type, symmetry, and color in four different countries, Int J Prosthodont 28(1) (2015) 60-4.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, J. Lin, O. Vollrath, M. Kern, Perception of dental esthetics in different cultures, Int J Prosthodont 28(1) (2015) 60-4.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, Implantation und prothetische Versorgung eines hochatrophen Unterkiefers an einem Tag – ein Fallbericht (Article in German), Dent Implantol 19(6) (2015) 466-472.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, “Feste dritte Zähne” an einem Tag – ein Fallbericht (Article in German), ZMK 5 (2015) 1-7.
  • C. Mehl, Vollanatomisch gefräster Zahnersatz aus Zirkoniumdioxid – die Zukunft? (Article in German), ZMK 5 (2015) 1-8.
  • C. Mehl, Was Zahnärzte über Angstpatienten denken (Article in German), Huffington Post (2015)
  • B.E. Beck-Broichsitter, A. Garling, T. Koehne, F. Barvencik, R. Smeets, C. Mehl, A. Jeschke, J. Wiltfang, S.T. Becker, 3D-tracking the regenerative potential of the mandible with micro-CTs, Oral Maxillofac Surg 19(1) (2015) 29-35.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, Die Vorteile minimal-invasiver Zahnimplantate (Article in German), DZW (2014).
  • C. Mehl, Digitalisierung in der Zahnmedizin (Article in German), ZM-online (2014) Online Artikel.
  • C. Mehl, Prothetik im digitalen Zeitalter (Article in German), Special Tribune 9 (2014) 18-22.
  • J. Lin, W.Y. Zheng, P.R. Liu, N. Zhang, H.P. Lin, Y.J. Fan, X.H. Gu, O. Vollrath, C. Mehl, Influence of casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate application, smear layer removal, and storage time on resin-dentin bonding, J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 15(7) (2014) 649-60.
  • S. Harder, C. Mehl, Konventionelle und digitale Verfahren vergleichend kombiniert (Article in German), Digital Dental News 11 (2014) 66-73.
  • S. Harder, M. Kern, C. Mehl, Prothetik konventionell und digital – Ein Vergleich (Article in German), Digital Dental Magazin 4 (2014) 6-13.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, A. Byrne, M. Kern, Prosthodontics in digital times: a case report, Quintessence Int 44(1) (2013) 29-36.
  • C. Mehl, S.T. Becker, Y. Acil, S. Harder, J. Wiltfang, A.A. Dabbagh-Afrouz, W. de Buhr, M. Kern, Impact of vertical loading on the implant-bone interface, Clin Oral Implants Res 24(8) (2013) 949-56.
  • J. Lin, M. Kern, J. Ge, J. Zhu, H. Wang, O. Vollrath, C. Mehl, Influence of peripheral enamel bonding and chlorhexidine pretreatment on resin bonding to dentin, J Adhes Dent 15(4) (2013) 351-9.
  • S. Harder, R. Podschun, L. Grancicova, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Analysis of the intraimplant microflora of two-piece dental implants, Clin Oral Investig 17(4) (2013) 1135-42.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, A. Shahriari, M. Steiner, M. Kern, Influence of abutment height and thermocycling on retrievability of cemented implant-supported crowns, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 27(5) (2012) 1106-15.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, D. Schwarz, M. Steiner, O. Vollrath, M. Kern, In vitro influence of ultrasonic stress, removal force preload and thermocycling on the retrievability of implant-retained crowns, Clin Oral Implants Res 23(8) (2012) 930-7.
  • J. Lin, S. Han, J. Zhu, X. Wang, Y. Chen, O. Vollrath, H. Wang, C. Mehl, Influence of fluoride-containing acidic artificial saliva on the mechanical properties of Nickel-Titanium orthodontics wires, Indian J Dent Res 23(5) (2012) 591-5.
  • S. Harder, E.S. Quabius, L. Ossenkop, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Surface contamination of dental implants assessed by gene expression analysis in a whole-blood in vitro assay: a preliminary study, J Clin Periodontol 39(10) (2012) 987-94.
  • C.J. Mehl, S. Harder, M. Kern, S. Wolfart, Patients’ and dentists’ perception of dental appearance, Clin Oral Investig 15(2) (2011) 193-9.
  • C. Mehl, H. Wang, J. Lin, S. Han, J. Zhu, X. Wang, Y. Chen, O. Vollrath, Influence of ph and fluoride on orthodontic wires, Indian J Dent Res 23 (2011) 591-5.
  • C. Mehl, B. Lang, H. Kappert, M. Kern, Microstructure analysis of dental castings used in fixed dental prostheses–a simple method for quality control, Clin Oral Investig 15(3) (2011) 383-91.
  • C. Mehl, F. Heblich, R. Lenz, K. Ludwig, M. Kern, The influence of a hyperbaric environment and increased oxygen partial pressure on the corrosion of dental alloys, Diving Hyperb Med 41(3) (2011) 151-5.
  • J. Lin, J. Zhu, X. Gu, W. Wen, Q. Li, H. Fischer-Brandies, H. Wang, C. Mehl, Effects of incorporation of nano-fluorapatite or nano-fluorohydroxyapatite on a resin-modified glass ionomer cement, Acta Biomater 7(3) (2011) 1346-53.
  • J. Lin, Y.J. Fan, C. Mehl, J.J. Zhu, H. Chen, L.Y. Jin, J.H. Xu, H.M. Wang, Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. antagonizes H2O2-induced rat osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 apoptosis by inhibiting expressions of caspases 3, 6, 7, and 9, J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 12(1) (2011) 47-54.
  • C. Mehl, K. Ludwig, M. Steiner, M. Kern, Fracture strength of prefabricated all-ceramic posterior inlay-retained fixed dental prostheses, Dent Mater 26(1) (2010) 67-75.
  • J. Lin, C. Mehl, B. Yang, M. Kern, Durability of four composite resin cements bonded to dentin under simulated pulpal pressure, Dent Mater 26(10) (2010) 1001-9.
  • S. Harder, M. Kern, C. Mehl, Behandlungsmöglichkeiten bei tief frakturierten Pfeilerzähnen (Article in German), Quintessence Deutschland 12 (2010) 1485- 1494.
  • C. Mehl, M. Kern, S. Freitag-Wolf, M. Wolfart, S. Brunzel, S. Wolfart, Does the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire measure dental appearance, Int J Prosthodont 22(1) (2009) 87-93.
  • S. Harder, S. Wolfart, C. Mehl, M. Kern, Performance of ultrasonic devices for bone surgery and associated intraosseous temperature development, Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 24(3) (2009) 484-90.
  • C. Mehl, S. Wolfart, M. Kern, Kieferorthopädische Extrusion von Zähnen durch Magneten (Article in German), Quintessenz Deutschland 59 (2008) 595-604.
  • C. Mehl, S. Wolfart, M. Kern, Orthodontic extrusion with magnets: a case report, Quintessence Int 39(5) (2008) 371-9.
  • C. Mehl, S. Harder, M. Wolfart, M. Kern, S. Wolfart, Retrievability of implant-retained crowns following cementation, Clin Oral Implants Res 19(12) (2008) 1304-11.
  • C. Mehl, S. T., M. Kern, Einflügelige vollkeramische Adhäsivbrücken – minimalinvasive Ästhetik (Article in German), Ästhetische Zahnmedizin 4 (2007) 20-27.
  • C. Mehl, S. Scheibner, K. Ludwig, M. Kern, Wear of composite resin veneering materials and enamel in a chewing simulator, Dent Mater 23(11) (2007) 1382-9.
  • C. Mehl, T. Englbrecht, Risikoabwägung bei der Sofort- und Spätimplantation im Frontzahnbereich (Article in German), Jahrbuch Implantologie. pages 50-54.


Find Prof Mehl’s lectures and awards below. If you have a question or want to know where his next lecture is taking place, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Prof Mehl’s lectures

  • 2022 Munich, Germany “The digital dental world in the 21st century” – two day course
  • 2022 Munich, Germany “The Camlog Comfour system – theory and live operation” – two day course
  • 2021 Seggau, Austria “How to handle complications in Implantology”
  • 2021 London, England “Guided implantology”
  • 2021 Munich, Germany Camlog Digital 2-day course “The digital world”
  • 2021 Basel, Switzerland – world-wide TV-Broadcast “Implantology in the 21st century”
  • 2021, Munich, Germany “What do patients want?”
  • 2020, Munich, Germany “Why do implants work?
  • 2020 Munich, Germany “A digital and prosthodontic treatment concept for long term success”
  • 2020: Ulm, Germany “Immediate implants with the new Camlog progressive line”
  • 2020: Ravensburg, Germany “The merits of digitalisation”
  • 2020: Vilnius, Lithuania “Immediate implants – recipe for success or failure?”
  • 2019: Munich, Germany “The Camlog Comfour Concept”
  • 2019: Lecture tour in in Shanghai, Kunshan, Yinchuan, China “Immediate implants”
  • 2019: Munich, Germany – Camlog Digital 2-day course
  • 2018: Z-Arena Salzburg, Austria “Vaporizing Brick and Mortar – Digital Dentistry in the 21st Century“
  • 2018: Z-Arena Salzburg, Austria “Dental Materials in the 21st century”
  • 2018: Nobel Biocare Symposium in Dresden, Germany “Implantology in the 21st century“
  • 2018: BDO Symposium in Berlin, Germany “Immediate Implant placement – Standard oder Risk?”
  • 2017: Internationale Annual Congress DGZI, Berlin, Germany “Digital Workflow – Todays Standard?”
  • 2017: Nobel Biocare Baltic Sea Symposium in Warnemuende, Germany “Immediate Implant Placement in the Anterior Front”
  • 2017: Nobel Biocare Summit Saalfelden, Austria “All-on-4”
  • 2017: Speaker annual Summit at the Austrian Congress for Parodontology
  • 2016: Dental Day in Thuerigen, Germany, “Security in Implantology”
  • 2016: Zimmer Biomet 3i Study Group Dr. Lamest und Colleagues, Dillingen (Saar)
  • 2016: German Dentists’ Conference held in Frankfurt, Germany “Advantages and disadvantages of magnetic extrustion”
  • 2016: German Dentists’ Conference held in Frankfurt, Germany “Advantages and disadvantages of magnetic extrustion”
  • October 13, 2015: Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China “Implantology in the 21st century”
  • July 4, 2015: German Association for Periodontology, Berlin, Germany “How much aesthetic improvement can be achieved in patients previously affected by periodontal disease?”
  • November 9 until 11, 2013: Guideline conference at Aerzen, Hannover, Germany for the purpose of drawing up an S2 guideline for the treatment of missing teeth
  • 11.13.06. 2015: Annual conference of the German Association for Prosthetic Dentistry and Biological Materials, Ulm, Germany, “What makes a successful treatment?”
  • 2014: Annual conference of the German Association for Prosthetic Dentistry and Biological Materials, Aachen, Germany
  • 2013: Swiss Association for Implantology (SGI), 30th anniversary, 2013, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Dental Online Collage, 7 lecturers given between 2012 and 2014
  • Annual conference of the German Association for Prosthetic Dentistry and Biological Materials, Annual conference 2011, Hamburg, Germany
  • Schleswig-Holstein Association for Dental, Oral, and Maxillo-Facial Medicine (SHGZMK), Kiel, Germany
  • 2007: The IADR/AADR/CADR 85th General Session and Exhibition 2007, New Orleans
  • 2007: Conference of the German Society for Dental Prosthetics, Propaedeutics, and Material Science (now known as DGPro), Bonn, Germany
  • 2006: IADR Pan European Federation 2006, Dublin


For his scientific work in the field of dental implantology, Prof. Mehl and his students have been awarded several times.

  • 2013: Scientific conference prize of the Schleswig-Holstein Society for Dental, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery for PD Dr. Mehl’s PhD student Dr. Afrouz
  • 2014: Dr. Mehl receives the Camlog Research Award in Valencia, Spain
  • 2019: Dr. Mehl receives his extraordinary professorship at the Christian-Albrechts-Univeristy at Kiel, Germany

Christian Mehl is a prolific author and reviewer within the realm of academic dentistry. His written contributions extend across a wide range of esteemed publications, including but not limited to Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, Dental Materials, International Journal of Dental Research, and Journal of Prosthodontic Research. These works cover a diverse array of topics from prosthodontics to implantology, indicating Mehl’s expansive knowledge and proficiency in these areas.

Moreover, Mehl’s expertise extends beyond just authorship. He has acted as a peer reviewer for an array of subjects within the dental and related biomedical fields. His areas of review encompass adhesive dentistry, aesthetics, implantology, stem cell research, bone augmentation, immediate implants, periimplantitis, experimental treatments, dental materials, and prosthodontics.

Peer review is a critical aspect of academic publishing, contributing to the validation and improvement of research quality, and fostering networking within research communities. Mehl’s extensive involvement in such a wide range of topics exemplifies his dedication to maintaining high standards in dental research and his commitment to advancing the field.

Review certificates

Wimpole St Dental Clinic has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.

  • Mehl C, Kern M, Zimmermann A, Harder S, Huth S, Selhuber-Unkel C. Impact of Cleaning Procedures on Adhesion of Living Cells to Three Abutment Materials. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2017 Sep/Oct;32(5):976-984. doi: 10.11607/jomi.5630. PMID: 28906501.
Scroll to Top